Withdrawal Agreement Explained Gov.uk

Withdrawal Agreement Explained Gov.uk

The United Kingdom and the European Union reached an agreement at the European Council on the withdrawal of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland from the European Union. The revised Withdrawal Agreement and the Political Declaration were discussed and approved at the European Council on 17 October 2019. The reception of the agreement in the House of Commons was from cold to hostile and the vote was delayed by more than a month. Prime Minister May won a no-confidence motion against her own party, but the EU refused to accept further changes. The Protocol on Gibraltar shall apply until the end of the transitional period, with the exception of the provisions on citizens` rights, which shall continue thereafter. The Protocol covers the preparation of the application of the civil rights part of the Withdrawal Agreement and allows for the application of EU law at Gibraltar airport if the United Kingdom and Spain agree on this point; establishes cooperation between Spain and the United Kingdom in tax, environmental protection and fisheries matters, as well as in police and customs matters. The Memoranda of Understanding between the United Kingdom and Spain facilitate cooperation between the competent authorities of Gibraltar and Spain at the labour level, in particular through the deployment of joint committees in the areas of citizens` rights, the environment, police, customs and tobacco. Certain EU food and agricultural regulations will continue to apply to NI during the safety net period. Existing controls on animals and animal products transferred from the UK to NI need to be extended. The Political Declaration states that steps should be taken to eliminate sanitary and phytosanitary barriers to trade (animal and plant health) that “build on and go beyond wto agreements”. The 599-page Withdrawal Agreement covers the following main areas:[16] On 23 January 2020, the UK Parliament approved the draft Agreement (European Union (Withdrawal Agreement) Act 2020). Following the signing of the Agreement, the Government of the United Kingdom issued and deposited the instrument of ratification of Great Britain on 29 January 2020.

[7] [8] The agreement was ratified by the Council of the European Union on 30 January 2020 after obtaining the consent of the European Parliament on 29 January 2020. The withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the Union took place on 31 January 2020 to 11 .m. GMT entered into force and, at that time, the Withdrawal Agreement entered into force in accordance with Article 185. The Withdrawal Agreement provides for a transition period until 31 December 2020, during which the UK will remain in the Single Market to ensure smooth trade until a long-term relationship is agreed. If no agreement is reached by that date, the UK will leave the single market on 1 January 2021 without a trade agreement. A non-binding political declaration on the future relationship between the EU and the UK is closely linked to the Withdrawal Agreement. The agreement was revised as part of the Johnson Ministry`s renegotiation in 2019. The amendments adapt about 5% of the text. [22] The government has committed to vote in both houses of Parliament before the EP VOTE on a resolution calling on each chamber to approve the withdrawal agreement. .

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