14 Apr Us Plastic Waste Agreement
Environment and Climate Change Canada discussed the agreement proposed in September in a webiner with two environmental groups – the Canadian Association of The Environment and Health and Environmental Support Association – thus technically fulfilling its duty of consultation. Nations have agreed to “significantly” limit items such as plastic bags and straws by 2030. Environmental groups warn that the measures do not go far enough, as the United States has blocked efforts to adopt more radical measures. (15.03.2019) ?BREAKING?: UN decides to control the global landfill of plastic waste. ?A huge moment in the fight against #plasticpollution.t.co/jH1t42Vv1a-Breakfreefromplastic #cleanplanethealthypeople pic.twitter.com/7x1q8qQFBr Moira Kelly of Environment Canada confirmed to cBC News the existence of the agreement. Total referred to its climate change report, which states that Total is “partially” in line with the CCA`s climate position, but that plastics are not mentioned. Carol Karuga, CEO of the Kenya Private Sector Alliance lobby group, added: “It is not good to ban the use of plastic materials in the economy and reintroduce the same thing through a trade agreement… The agreement, before it can be finally accepted, must be reviewed at all levels. While most plastic waste and waste is not considered hazardous waste under the RCRA, U.S. transfers of waste regulated as hazardous waste (including hazardous plastic waste) under the RCRA are subject to RCRA`s export and import rules for hazardous waste, existing foreign laws and regulations, and all applicable international agreements, such as the Basel Convention.
The EPA has prepared the following responses to frequently asked questions to facilitate compliance with new international requirements for cross-border transfers of waste and plastic debris. Plastic waste is contaminating all important ecosystems in the world, and concerns about their potential effects on wildlife and human health are of increasing concern, as smaller and more widespread plastic particles are identified in the natural environment (1-4) and in the built environment (5-7). For decades, scientists have been documenting plastic waste in the ocean (8). Marine sources of marine pollutants were addressed in the 1970s (9) and 1980s (10), before the focus was on land as a supposed but unfounded source of 80% of the source of marine waste. In 2015, Jambeck et al. (11) used global solid waste management data (12) collected by the World Bank to estimate the amount of under-exploited plastic waste produced within 50 km of the coast that entered the global ocean in 2010 [4.8 to 12.7 million tonnes (Mt)]. Since then, a face value of 8 million tonnes has generally been considered a quantitative measure for the annual pollution scale of marine plastics, which has led to reactions from non-governmental organizations, policy makers and the plastics and consumer goods industry. Based on this analysis, many rehabilitation efforts have focused on south and south-east Asian countries (13-15). While the United States is not a party to the Basel Convention, 187 countries are contracting parties. The new Basel provisions will have a significant impact on exports and imports of recycled plastic materials to the United States, as many U.S.
trading partners will implement changes to plastic waste in Basel. Under a long provision of the Basel Convention prohibiting trade between the countries that have ratified it (i.e. the parties) and third countries, the parties in Basel will not be able to act with the United States of plastic-controlled waste and debris when a separate bilateral or multilateral agreement does not meet certain criteria of the Basel Convention.