12 Apr Status Of Forces Agreement Iran
On December 19, the President wrote to the Shah that the U.S. government was ready to begin discussions on the third $50 million credit tranche and intended to obtain congressional approval for the fourth instalment at the appropriate time. As he told the Shah in August, the United States would continue to do its best to be useful, but it could not definitively say what it could do beyond the existing agreements. The President also expressed concern about the planned size of the planned military program. (254) The political issue of SOFA is complicated by the fact that many host countries have mixed feelings about foreign bases on their soil and that calls for the renegotiation of SOFA are often accompanied by calls for a total withdrawal of foreign troops. Issues of different national practices may arise – while the United States and host countries in general agree on what constitutes a crime, many American observers believe that the host country`s judicial systems offer much lower protection than the United States and that the host country`s courts may be under pressure from the public to be found guilty; In addition, U.S. service members who are invited to send shipments abroad should not be forced to waive their rights under the Rights Act. On the other hand, observers of the host country who do not have a local equivalent of the law of rights often feel that these are irrelevant excuses for special treatment and resemble the extraterritorial agreements demanded by Western countries during colonialism. A host country where such sentiment is widespread, South Korea, itself has forces in Kyrgyzstan and has negotiated a SOFA that gives its members total immunity from prosecution by the Kyrgyz authorities for any crime, which goes far beyond the privileges that many South Koreans enter into their country`s couch with the United States.  On 3 November, the religious leader of the dissident Ayatollah Khomeini, whose attacks on the status law were the call for the downfall of the Iranian government, were arrested and exiled in Turkey. (56, 58) In January 1965, U.S. State Department analysts warned that Khomeini`s views were symptomatic of widespread popular opposition to government policy, which has recently expanded to open criticism of U.S.
policy in Iran, and that this new attitude poses a threat to U.S. interests in Iran and makes the U.S. task much more difficult. (64) However, ministry officials disagreed on the extent of the Iranian population`s discontent. (66–67) Most U.S. bases after World War II were acquired through voluntary agreements with other nations. While these agreements varied widely in terms of form, content and scope, the host country legally accepted the presence of U.S. troops on its soil, usually in return for security or compensation.
In the 1940s and 1950s, the United States benefited from an overwhelming majority of agreements and granted it broad rights and considerable freedom of action. Over time, host countries have renegotiated the terms of these agreements, often limiting the size of the U.S. presence, the nature of the authorized forces, and U.S. jurisdiction over facilities and personnel. Most crimes committed by service members against local civilians are committed outside the service, [citation required] and are considered to be under local jurisdiction in accordance with the respective SOFA. Details about SOFAs can still cause problems.